Issue from running Cartesian Join Query
A Cartesian Join SQL query is also known as cross join SQL query.
A SQL join query that does no have join condition or does not have sufficient join conditions is a Cartesian join query, the result of it is called Cartesian product.
To avoid Cartesian product, a SQL query that joins N tables must have N-1 join conditions.
A Cartesian join query may be needed for reason depending on your design on your application. However, when you run Cartesian join query in Spark SQL, it is likely you may run into below error:
Detected implicit cartesian product for INNER
join between logical plans
+- LogicalRDD [products#13, visitorId#14], false
Project [id#21, if (isnotnull(name#6)) name#6 else invalid product AS name#25, interest#22]
+- Join FullOuter, (id#21 = id#5)
:- Project [products#19.id AS id#21, products#19.interest AS interest#22]
: +- Generate explode(products#13), , false, [products#19]
: +- Project [products#13]
: +- LogicalRDD [products#13, visitorId#14], false
+- LocalRelation [id#5, name#6]
Join condition is missing or trivial.
Either: use the CROSS JOIN syntax to allow cartesian products between these
relations, or: enable implicit cartesian products by setting the configuration
The error message does tell you the work around:
Either: use the CROSS JOIN syntax to allow
cartesian products between these
relations, or: enable implicit cartesian
products by setting the configuration variable
Therefore, the solutions are below:
Add below config in Spark session
By for example
val spark = SparkSession
val spark = SparkSession
The above solution requires you to add spark.sql.crossJoin.enabled=true
Into each of your Spark driver application code.
in $SPARK_HOME/conf directory, there is a file called:
Copy or rename this file to spark-defaults.conf
Then edit spark-defaults.conf, such as by vi, add a line at the end:
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
# contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
# (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
# the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# Default system properties included when running spark-submit.
# This is useful for setting default environmental settings.
# spark.master spark://master:7077
# spark.eventLog.enabled true
# spark.eventLog.dir hdfs://namenode:8021/directory
# spark.serializer org.apache.spark.serializer.KryoSerializer
# spark.driver.memory 5g
# spark.executor.extraJavaOptions -XX:+PrintGCDetails -Dkey=value -Dnumbers="one two three"
Make sure no # sign at the begin. Then bounce the Spark cluster by:
If you are running jupyter-notebook, make sure restart jupyter-notebook server process.