VectorAssembler

VectorAssembler is a transformer that combines a given list of columns into a single vector column. It is useful for combining raw features and features generated by different feature transformers into a single feature vector, in order to train ML models like logistic regression and decision trees. VectorAssembler accepts the following input column types: all numeric types, boolean type, and vector type. In each row, the values of the input columns will be concatenated into a vector in the specified order.
Examples
Assume that we have a DataFrame with the columns id, hour, mobile, userFeatures, and clicked:
id | hour | mobile | userFeatures | clicked
----|------|--------|------------------|---------
0 | 18 | 1.0 | [0.0, 10.0, 0.5] | 1.0
userFeatures is a vector column that contains three user features. We want to combine hour, mobile, and userFeatures into a single feature vector called features and use it to predict clicked or not. If we set VectorAssembler’s input columns to hour, mobile, and userFeatures and output column to features, after transformation we should get the following DataFrame:
id | hour | mobile | userFeatures | clicked | features
----|------|--------|------------------|---------|-----------------------------
0 | 18 | 1.0 | [0.0, 10.0, 0.5] | 1.0 | [18.0, 1.0, 0.0, 10.0, 0.5]
import org.apache.spark.ml.feature.VectorAssembler
import org.apache.spark.ml.linalg.Vectors
val dataset = spark.createDataFrame(
Seq((0, 18, 1.0, Vectors.dense(0.0, 10.0, 0.5), 1.0))
).toDF("id", "hour", "mobile", "userFeatures", "clicked")
val assembler = new VectorAssembler()
.setInputCols(Array("hour", "mobile", "userFeatures"))
.setOutputCol("features")
val output = assembler.transform(dataset)
println("Assembled columns 'hour', 'mobile', 'userFeatures' to vector column 'features'")
output.select("features", "clicked").show(false)
​
/*
Output:
+-----------------------+-------+
|features |clicked|
+-----------------------+-------+
|[18.0,1.0,0.0,10.0,0.5]|1.0 |
+-----------------------+-------+
*/
​
​